Alternativy spojky IF v podmínkových větách

 29. října, 2020 Admin
Obtížnost    

Alternatives to IF in conditional sentences

Ačkoliv je IF nejčastěji používanou spojkou v podmínkových větách, existují i jiné varianty, které ji mohou nahradit. Níže je přehled těch nejběžnějších.

 

  • GIVEN (THAT)

Given that he had three months to do the task, he didn‘t make much progress.

 

  • ASSUMING (THAT)

Assuming that the temperature remains at zero, food will remain safe.

 

  • SUPPOSE/SUPPOSING

Suppose/Supposing you had time, would you travel more?

Suppose/Supposing you lost your passport, what would you do?

 

  • AS/SO LONG AS

You can borrow my car as long as you return it on Wednesday.

 

  • ON CONDITION THAT

They spoke on condition that their names would not be published.

I will let you watch television on condition that you finish your homework.

 

  • PROVIDING (THAT)/PROVIDED (THAT)

You may do whatever you like provided that it is within the law.

You can go with us providing you pay for your own meal.

 

  • UNLESS (= IF + NOT ) – spojka unless nahrazuje IF včetně záporu

I won’t tell you what happened unless you promise to keep it secret. (=…if you don’t promise to keep it secret.)
My leg’s broken. I can’t stand up unless you help me. (=…if you don’t help me.)

 

  • OTHERWISE (IF + NOT)

Let’s hope the weather improves. Otherwise (= If it doesn’t) we’ll have to cancel the picnic.

  • IMAGINE

Imagine you were a millionaire, what would you buy?


Pozn.: Spojku IF lze i zcela vynechat pomocí inverze v podmínkových větách.

 

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